Modern Care Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Rabies-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice Among Nomads in South Khorasan, Iran: A Descriptive-Correlational Study

Zahra Unesi 1 , Samaneh Nakhaee 2 , * , Zahra Amouzeshi 1 and Mohammadreza Jamavar 3
Authors Information
1 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IR Iran
2 Medical Toxicology and Drug Abuse Research Center (MTDRC), Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IR Iran
3 Birjand University of Medical Sciences, South Khorasan Province Health Center, Birjand, IR Iran
Article information
  • Modern Care Journal: January 2018, 15 (1); e68118
  • Published Online: January 31, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 27, 2017
  • Accepted: January 1, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/modernc.68118

To Cite: Unesi Z, Nakhaee S, Amouzeshi Z, Jamavar M. Rabies-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice Among Nomads in South Khorasan, Iran: A Descriptive-Correlational Study, Mod Care J. 2018 ; 15(1):e68118. doi: 10.5812/modernc.68118.

Copyright © 2018, Modern Care Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Guadu T, Shite A, Chanie M, Bogale B, Fentahun T. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practices about rabies and associated factors: in the case of Bahir Dar town. Glob Veterinaria. 2014;13(3):348-54.
  • 2. Dalfardi B, Esnaashary MH, Yarmohammadi H. Rabies in medieval Persian literature - the Canon of Avicenna (980-1037 AD). Infect Dis Poverty. 2014;3(1):7. doi: 10.1186/2049-9957-3-7. [PubMed: 24533686].
  • 3. Digafe RT, Kifelew LG, Mechesso AF. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies: questionnaire survey in rural household heads of Gondar Zuria District, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:400. doi: 10.1186/s13104-015-1357-8. [PubMed: 26328612].
  • 4. Fisher CR, Streicker DG, Schnell MJ. The spread and evolution of rabies virus: conquering new frontiers. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2018;16(4):241-55. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro.2018.11. [PubMed: 29479072].
  • 5. Khazaei S, Rezaeian S, Soheylizad M, Gholamaliee B. Factors associated with delay in post-exposure prophylaxis in bitten people. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014;28:158. [PubMed: 25695016].
  • 6. Beyene TJ, Mourits MCM, Revie CW, Hogeveen H. Determinants of health seeking behaviour following rabies exposure in Ethiopia. Zoonoses Public Health. 2018. doi: 10.1111/zph.12458. [PubMed: 29524317].
  • 7. da Costa LJ, Fernandes ME. Rabies: Knowledge and Practices Regarding Rabies in Rural Communities of the Brazilian Amazon Basin. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016;10(2). e0004474. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004474. [PubMed: 26927503].
  • 8. Straily A, Trevino-Garrison I. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Law Enforcement Officers on Rabies and Animal Control Issues in Kansas. Zoonoses Public Health. 2017;64(2):111-7. doi: 10.1111/zph.12287. [PubMed: 27477842].
  • 9. Saghafipour A, Noroozei M, Pahlevani S, Akbari Z. Epidemiology of animal bites in Qom Province during 2007-2012, Iran. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2014;8(1).
  • 10. Tenzin T, Namgyal J, Letho S. Community-based survey during rabies outbreaks in Rangjung town, Trashigang, eastern Bhutan, 2016. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17(1):281. Persian. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2393-x. [PubMed: 28415972].
  • 11. Nayak RK, Walvekar PR, Mallapur MD. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies among general practitioners of Belgaum city. Virus. 2013;40(95.23):37.
  • 12. Dzikwi AA, Ibrahim AS, Umoh JU. Knowledge, attitude and practice about rabies among children receiving formal and informal education in Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria. Glob J Health Sci. 2012;4(5):132-9. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v4n5p132. [PubMed: 22980386].
  • 13. WHO. What is rabies. 2015. Available from:
  • 14. CDC. Centers for Diseases Control and prevention. 2015. Available from:
  • 15. Rahpeyma M, Fahartaj F, Fazeli M, Sheykholeslami F, Bashar R, Howeizeh N, et al. Epidemiological Study of Rabies Infection in Specimens Sent to Pasteur Institute of Iran in 2015. JBUMS. 2015;17(12):65-70.
  • 16. Desaiah DC, Chikkegowda LK, Chandru S, Munipapanna S. To study the treatment compliance among the animal bite patients attending anti rabies clinic in a tertiary care hospital, Solapur. Int J Commun Med Public Health. 2017;4(9):3394. Persian. doi: 10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20173851.
  • 17. Centre for Communicable Diseases Control. Rabies. Ministry of Health and Medical Education; 2015.
  • 18. Sambo M, Lembo T, Cleaveland S, Ferguson HM, Sikana L, Simon C, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) about rabies prevention and control: a community survey in Tanzania. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014;8(12). e3310. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003310. [PubMed: 25473834].
  • 19. Shankaraiah RH, Bilagumba G, Narayana DHA, Annadani R, Vijayashankar V. Brief Communication (Original). Knowledge, attitude, and practice of rabies prophylaxis among physicians at Indian animal bite clinics. Asian Biomed. 2013;7(2):237-42.
  • 20. Mshelbwala P, Ogunkoya A, Maikai B, Atuman S. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice about Dog Bite and Rabies Exposure among Dog Meat Consumers and Processors in Abia State, Nigeria. J Vet Adv. 2014;4(2):398. doi: 10.5455/jva.20140214105801.
  • 21. Yin CP, Zhou H, Wu H, Tao XY, Rayner S, Wang SM, et al. Analysis on factors related to rabies epidemic in China from 2007-2011. Virol Sin. 2012;27(2):132-43. doi: 10.1007/s12250-012-3244-y. [PubMed: 22492004].
  • 22. Altmann M, Parola P, Delmont J, Brouqui P, Gautret P. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of French travelers from Marseille regarding rabies risk and prevention. J Travel Med. 2009;16(2):107-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1708-8305.2008.00283.x. [PubMed: 19335810].
  • 23. Kabeta T, Deresa B, Tigre W, Ward MP, Mor SM. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Animal Bite Victims Attending an Anti-rabies Health Center in Jimma Town, Ethiopia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015;9(6). e0003867. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003867. [PubMed: 26114573].
  • 24. Ali A, Ahmed EY, Sifer D. A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of rabies among residents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Vet J. 2014;17(2):19. doi: 10.4314/evj.v17i2.2.
  • 25. Matibag GC, Kamigaki T, Kumarasiri PV, Wijewardana TG, Kalupahana AW, Dissanayake DR, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey of rabies in a community in Sri Lanka. Environ Health Prev Med. 2007;12(2):84-9. doi: 10.1007/BF02898154. [PubMed: 21431824].
  • 26. Agarwal N, Reddaiah VP. Knowledge, attitude and practice following dog bite: a community-based epidemiological study. Health Pop Perspect. 2003;26(4):154-61.
  • 27. Vandamme E. Concepts and challenges in the use of knowledge-attitude-practice surveys: Literature review. Antwerp: Institute of Tropical Medicine; 2016. Available from:
  • 28. Ramachandran L, Dharmalingam TA. Textbook of Health Education. Vikas Publishing House Private; 1983.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments